VMA, HVA, 5-HIAA in Urine - HPLC

Order No.: 1000/B, for 100 tests
5-Hydroxyindoleacetic Acid (5-HIAA), Homovanillic Acid (HVA), Vanillylmandelic Acid (VMA)

No pH-adjustment necessary
Suitable for automated sample preparation
2 Internal standards available

CE-IVD validated product ready for IVDR within timeframes and transition periods specified by the IVDR-2022 regulation

5-Hydroxyindoleacetic Acid (5-HIAA)

Homovanillic Acid (HVA)

Vanillylmandelic Acid(VMA)

Clinical Relevance

Neuroblastoma is a neoplastic disease that is among the most common malignant cancers occurring during childhood. It is a neuroendocrine tumour resulting in higher excretion of the catecholamine metabolites vanillylmandelic acid (VMA) and homovanillic acid (HVA) in the urine. Therefore verification of these parameters is critical in the diagnosis of neuroblastoma.

In contrast, increased concentrations of hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) detected in the urine are an indication of a carcinoid tumour. The malignant reproduction of enterochromaffin cells in the gastrointestinal tract leads to increased production of the tissue hormone serotonin, whose primary metabolite is 5-HIAA. 


Product  advantages

  • Simple and reliable sample preparation
  • Two internal standards if desired
  • Automated sample preparation for Gilson® ASPEC™ is available


This kit enables routine HPLC determination of VMA, HVA and 5-HIAA in urine. Simple and safe operation guarantees reliable and reproducible results. An additional, optional internal standard (HICA) is also available for especially high precision in the determination of 5-HIAA.

More Information
Method of Analysis HPLC
Number of Tests 100
Limit of quantification

VMA, HVA, 5-HIAA: 0.5 mg/l


VMA: up to 78 mg/l
HVA: up to 51 mg/l
5-HIAA: up to 78 mg/l

Recovery VMA: 70 %; HVA: 82 %; 5-HIAA: 66 %
Intraassay CV < 4 %
Interassay CV < 5 %
Analysis Time < 18 min
Specimen 24 h urine; spontaneous urine (refer the data to urine creatinine)
Pre-analytic Treatment

Determination of VMA/HVA

Collect urine in 10 ml HCl 25 %, pH < 4


Determination of 5-HIAA

Collect urine in 10 ml glacial acetic acid, pH 4 - 6

Sample Preparation
  • Extraction: Add 1 ml Internal Standard to 50 µl urine and mix. Apply entire sample to the sample clean up column, draw through by vacuum or centrifugation, discard effluent.
  • Washing: Apply 3 ml Wash Buffer I to the sample clean up column, discard effluent. Apply 2 times 3 ml Wash Buffer II, discard effluents.
  • Elution: Apply 2.0 ml Elution Buffer to the sample clean up column, collect eluate. Add 100 µl Finisher and mix briefly.
  • Inject 10–20 µl into the HPLC system.
Sample Stability VMA, HVA: at +2 to +8 °C at least 5 days. 5-HIAA: at +2 to +8 °C in the dark max. 3 days. Aliquot and freeze below -18 °C for longer storage.
Injection Volume 10-20 µl
Flow rate 1 ml/min
Column temperature ambient (~25 °C)
Additional Info For the HPLC analysis of VMA, HVA and 5-HIAA in urine any isocratic HPLC system with electrochemical detector is suitable.
Please note The freely available information on this website, in particular on the sample preparation, are not sufficient to work with our products. Please read instructions and warning notices on products and/or instruction manuals.
Parameter 5-Hydroxyindoleacetic Acid (5-HIAA), Homovanillic Acid (HVA), Vanillylmandelic Acid (VMA)
Potential approx. +760 mV
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